- the number of people who live in a place
- The world's population has increased greatly.
- The population of New York City is over eight million.
- The city has experienced an increase in population.
- population growth/control
- a population explosion/boom [=a sudden large increase in the number of people or animals in an area]
- There has been a sharp reduction in the bat population in this region.
- the rural population of America
- the educated/Jewish/adult population